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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional and molecular properties of the human recombinant Y4 receptor: resistance to agonist-promoted desensitization.

After stable transfection of Chinese hamster ovary cells with the human Y4 receptor, clone 29 was isolated and studied for receptor properties. The following data were obtained: 1) one class of binding site was identified by analysis of (125)I-human pancreatic polypeptide (hPP) binding to cell membranes with a K(d) value of 0. 26 nM and a B(max) value of 1.44 pmol/mg protein; 2) the K(i) values for inhibition of (125)I-hPP binding by hPP, human peptide YY (hPYY), human neuropeptide Y (hNPY), and analogs were hPP (0.7 nM) < rat PP (47 nM) < hPYY (94 nM) < h[Leu(31)-Pro(34)]NPY (124 nM) << hNPY = porcine NPY(13-36) = rat D-[Trp(32)]NPY (>1 microM); 3) cross-linking experiments using (125)I-hPP identified a single M(r) 60,000 glycosylated Y4 receptor; and 4) the natural peptides hPP, hPYY, and hNPY inhibited forskolin-stimulated cAMP production in clone 29 cells with EC(50) values of 0.56 nM, 218 nM, and >1 microM, respectively. The inhibitory effect of hPP was abolished when cells were incubated with pertussis toxin, indicating a pertussis toxin-sensitive G(i) protein-mediated event. 5) Exposure of cells to 10 nM hPP for 24 h resulted in the absence of modification of binding capacity (1.38 versus 1.44 pmol/mg protein in control cells) or affinity (0.31 versus 0.26 nM in control cells); there also was no modification in the potency and efficacy of hPP in inhibiting forskolin-stimulated cAMP. Immunofluorescence indicated that the Y4 receptor was not internalized within the cells after 24-h treatment with 10 nM hPP. These data support that Y4 receptors are resistant to agonist-promoted desensitization and internalization. Clone 29 cells provide a valuable tool to further characterize the pharmacological aspects of human Y4 receptor.[1]


  1. Functional and molecular properties of the human recombinant Y4 receptor: resistance to agonist-promoted desensitization. Voisin, T., Goumain, M., Lorinet, A.M., Maoret, J.J., Laburthe, M. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2000) [Pubmed]
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