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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thoracoscopic sympathetic surgery for hyperhidrosis.

Resectional surgery of sympathetic nerves has been known to be the most effective treatment for essential hyperhidrosis and the application of thoracoscopic electrocauterization has provided a minimally-invasive procedure with the least morbidity and a resultant higher satisfaction rate. This paper describes our experience on the 1,167 cases of thoracoscopic sympathetic surgery for the treatment of essential hyperhidrosis. A total of 1,167 patients (674 males (58%) and 493 females (42%), mean age of 26.4 years with palmar (930), craniofacial (190) or axillary (47) hyperhidrosis underwent thoracoscopic sympathetic surgery from July 1992 to March 1999. Since the T2-4 sympathectomy, first performed in July 1992 for a patient of palmar hyperhidrosis, the operative methods have been altered to achieve a higher satisfaction level with the least complication by adopting less invasive procedures. Our current standard procedures being performed are T3 and T2 clipping for palmar and craniofacial hyperhidrosis and T3,4 sympathicotomy for axillary hyperhidrosis, all using a 2 mm needle thoracoscope. As the surgical procedures have been transited to a less invasive method with limited resection using the newest endoscopic devices, the average operation time and complications such as Horner's syndrome and compensatory hyperhidrosis have gradually decreased and thus the long-term satisfaction rate has been raised up to 98% for palmar hyperhidrosis, 92% for craniofacial hyperhidrosis and 89% for axillary hyperhidrosis. The recurrent cases (14/1167) were treated successfully with reoperations of thoracoscopic sympathetic surgery. The optimal goal of therapy could be achieved by complete elimination of the hyperhidrotic symptom, by decreasing the incidence and degree of compensatory hyperhidrosis through a selective and limited resection, and by adopting the least invasive procedures. Sympathicotomy has provided the advantages of a limited extent of denervation and the resultant decrease of compensatory hyperhidrosis compared to sympathectomy. The reversible method of clipping may be an effective, provisionary means for cases of severe, intractable compensatory sweating. For craniofacial hyperhidrosis, T2 sympathicotomy or clipping has been proven to be superior to the T1 sympathectomy due to the decreased occurrence of Horner's syndrome and T3,4 sympathicotomy providing a satisfactory outcome with less compensatory hyperhidrosis for axillary hyperhidrosis.[1]


  1. Thoracoscopic sympathetic surgery for hyperhidrosis. Lee, D.Y., Hong, Y.J., Shin, H.K. Yonsei Med. J. (1999) [Pubmed]
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