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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytokines in Mycoplasma hyorhinis-induced arthritis in pigs bred selectively for high and low immune responses.

Yorkshire pigs were bred selectively for high and low immune responses (H and L pigs, respectively) based on multiple antibody (Ab) and cell-mediated immune response traits. In a previous experiment, generation 4 (G4) pigs of each line were infected with Mycoplasma hyorhinis. High responders had a more rapid and higher Ab response and less polyserositis, but arthritis was more severe in H pigs than in L pigs. To test the hypothesis that line differences were attributable to differential expression of cytokines, M. hyorhinis infection was induced in pigs of G8. Arthritis was more severe clinically (P, </=0.05) and postmortem (P, </=0.001) when M. hyorhinis CFU were more numerous in synovial fluid (SF) of H pigs than of L pigs (P, </=0.03). In H pigs but not L pigs, CFU and lesion scores were correlated positively. In H pigs, infection increased the frequency of expression of mRNAs for interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor alpha ( TNF-alpha) in mononuclear cells from synovial membranes (SM). In L pigs, IL-1alpha, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-alpha mRNAs were increased in frequency of expression. The quantity of the cytokine message for IL-6 was increased in infected H pigs. For L pigs, infection increased the cytokine message for IL-1alpha, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-alpha. IL-6 in SM and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) in SF were produced at a higher copy number in H pigs than in L pigs after infection. For H pigs, there were no positive rank correlations between lesion or CFU scores and cytokines. For L pigs, IL-1alpha, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-alpha in SM correlated with CFU, while IL-6, TNF-beta, and IFN-gamma in SF correlated with CFU. Lesion score in L pigs correlated with IL-1alpha in SF. While these results indicate that H and L pigs differ in the cytokine response to M. hyorhinis infection, they do not confirm a characteristic cytokine response in association with the relative susceptibility to infection and arthritis observed in H pigs.[1]


  1. Cytokines in Mycoplasma hyorhinis-induced arthritis in pigs bred selectively for high and low immune responses. Jayagopala Reddy, N.R., Wilkie, B.N., Borgs, P., Mallard, B.A. Infect. Immun. (2000) [Pubmed]
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