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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endo180, an endocytic recycling glycoprotein related to the macrophage mannose receptor is expressed on fibroblasts, endothelial cells and macrophages and functions as a lectin receptor.

Endo180 was previously characterized as a novel, cell type specific, recycling transmembrane glycoprotein. This manuscript describes the isolation of a full length human Endo180 cDNA clone which was shown to encode a fourth member of a family of proteins comprising the macrophage mannose receptor, the phospholipase A(2) receptor and the DEC-205/MR6 receptor. This receptor family is unusual in that they contain 8-10 C-type lectin carbohydrate recognition domains in a single polypeptide backbone, however, only the macrophage mannose receptor had been shown to function as a lectin. Sequence analysis of Endo180 reveals that the second carbohydrate recognition domain has retained key conserved amino acids found in other functional C-type lectins. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that this protein displays Ca(2+)-dependent binding to N-acetylglucosamine but not mannose affinity columns. In order to characterize the physiological function of Endo180, a series of biochemical and morphological studies were undertaken. Endo180 is found to be predominantly expressed in vivo and in vitro on fibroblasts, endothelial cells and macrophages, and the distribution and post-translational processing in these cells is consistent with Endo180 functioning to internalize glycosylated ligands from the extracellular milieu for release in an endosomal compartment.[1]


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