The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The trimeric GTP-binding protein (G(q)/G(11)) alpha subunit is required for insulin-stimulated GLUT4 translocation in 3T3L1 adipocytes.

To investigate the potential role of trimeric GTP-binding proteins regulating GLUT4 translocation in adipocytes, wild type and constitutively active G(q) (G(q)/Q209L), G(i) (G(i)/Q205L), and G(s) (G(s)/Q227L) alpha subunit mutants were expressed in 3T3L1 adipocytes. Although expression of neither the wild type nor G(i)/Q205L and G(s)/Q227L alpha subunit mutants had any effect on the basal or insulin-stimulated translocation of a co-expressed GLUT4-enhanced green fluorescent protein ( EGFP) fusion protein, expression of G(q)/Q209L resulted in GLUT4-EGFP translocation in the absence of insulin. In contrast, microinjection of an inhibitory G(q)/G(11) alpha subunit-specific antibody but not a G(i) or G(s) alpha subunit antibody prevented insulin-stimulated endogenous GLUT4 translocation. Consistent with a required role for GTP-bound G(q)/G(11), expression of the regulators of G protein signaling (RGS4 and RGS16) also attenuated insulin-stimulated GLUT4-EGFP translocation. To assess the relationship between G(q)/G(11) function with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase dependent pathway, expression of a dominant-interfering p85 regulatory subunit, as well as wortmannin treatment inhibited insulin-stimulated but not G(q)/Q209L-stimulated GLUT4-EGFP translocation. Furthermore, G(q)/Q209L did not induce the in vivo accumulation of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP(3)), whereas expression of the RGS proteins did not prevent the insulin-stimulated accumulation of PIP(3). Together, these data demonstrate that insulin stimulation of GLUT4 translocation requires at least two independent signal transduction pathways, one mediated through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and another through the trimeric GTP-binding proteins G(q) and/or G(11).[1]


WikiGenes - Universities