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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

BSAP (Pax5)-importin alpha 1 (Rch1) interaction identifies a nuclear localization sequence.

BSAP (Pax5) is an essential transcription factor for early B cell and central nervous system development. In later B cell development, BSAP has been implicated in the regulation of 3' Ig enhancers and a number of B cell-specific genes. Previous studies have suggested a role for BSAP-interacting proteins in the regulation of the function of BSAP. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we identified importin alpha1 (Rch1) as a BSAP-interacting protein. Importin alpha proteins have been shown to escort proteins into the nucleus through interaction with a nuclear localization signal (NLS), composed of short stretches of basic amino acids. A predicted NLS in BSAP (NKRKRDE, located at amino acids 195-201 in the central domain) was confirmed to be essential for interaction with importin alpha1 by the yeast two-hybrid assay. Physical interaction between BSAP and importin alpha1 was detected in vitro by a glutathione S-transferase (GST) pulldown assay. The NLS sequence in BSAP conferred nuclear localization to green fluorescent protein (GFP)-BSAP fusion proteins. Although the N-terminal paired (DNA-binding) domain of BSAP also conferred nuclear localization when coupled to green fluorescent protein, this domain did not bind to importin alpha1 in the yeast two-hybrid assay. The NLS sequence in the central domain of BSAP binds to the C-terminal 98-amino acid fragment of importin alpha1.[1]


  1. BSAP (Pax5)-importin alpha 1 (Rch1) interaction identifies a nuclear localization sequence. Kovac, C.R., Emelyanov, A., Singh, M., Ashouian, N., Birshtein, B.K. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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