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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The O-methylated derivative of L-DOPA, 3-O-methyl-L-DOPA, fails to inhibit neuronal and non-neuronal aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase.

The present study examined whether the O-methylated derivative of L-DOPA, 3-O-methyl-L-DOPA (3-OM-L-DOPA), inhibits neuronal (brain) and non-neuronal (liver and kidney) aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) activity. The incubation of brain, liver and kidney homogenates with 3-OM-L-DOPA (5 mM) did not result in the formation of 3-methoxytyramine, the compound expected to result from the decarboxylation of 3-OM-L-DOPA. Incubation of tissue homogenates with L-DOPA resulted in a concentration-dependent formation of dopamine, revealing K(m) values (in mM) of similar magnitude for brain (0.8), liver (1.6) and kidney (1.0). Both benserazide and L-5-hydroxytryptophan (L-5-HTP) were found to produce concentration dependent decreases in AADC activity with K(i) values in the microM range. By contrast, 3-OM-L95% reduction) in liver and kidney AADC activity accompanied by a marked decrease (49% reduction) in brain AADC activity. By contrast, the administration of 30 mg/kg (p.o.) 3-OM-L-DOPA, which generates levels in brain, liver and kidney six-fold those in L-DOPA-treated rats, was found to change neither neuronal nor non-neuronal AADC activity. In conclusion, 3-OM-L-DOPA fails to interact with neuronal and non-neuronal AADC, either as substrate or inhibitor.[1]


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