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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel binding factor facilitates nuclear translocation and transcriptional activation function of the pituitary tumor-transforming gene product.

Pituitary tumor-transforming gene (PTTG) is a recently characterized oncogene whose expression product contains a transcriptional activation domain at the C terminus. To understand the mechanisms involved in PTTG biological functions, we used yeast two-hybrid screening to identify proteins that interact with PTTG. This study reports the isolation and characterization of a novel PTTG-binding factor (PBF). PBF contains an open reading frame of 179 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 22 kDa. In Northern blot analyses, PBF mRNA was ubiquitously expressed in human tissues. Glutathione S-transferase pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays demonstrate that PBF interacts specifically with PTTG under both in vitro and in vivo conditions. The PTTG binding domain in PBF was located within the C-terminal 30-amino acid region that contain a nuclear localization signal. Immunofluorescence and subcellular fractionation studies showed that PTTG is predominantly expressed in the cytoplasm with partial nuclear localization, whereas PBF is localized both in the cytoplasm and the nucleus. The interaction between PBF and PTTG facilitated PTTG translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Furthermore, PBF is required for transcriptional activation of basic fibroblast growth factor by PTTG. In summary, we have characterized a novel PTTG-binding protein that facilitates PTTG nuclear translocation and potentiates its transcriptional activation function.[1]


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