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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of ATP-induced calcium release in COS-7 cells by calcineurin.

Experiments were conducted to examine the role of calcineurin in regulating Ca(2+) fluxes in mammalian cells. In COS-7 cells, increasing concentrations (1-10 microM) of ATP triggered intracellular Ca(2+) release in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment of the cells with calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporin A (CsA), deltamethrin and FK506 resulted in an enhancement of ATP-induced intracellular Ca(2+) release. Measurement of calcineurin-specific phosphatase activity in vitro demonstrated a high level of endogenous calcineurin activities in COS-7 cells, which was effectively inhibited by the addition of deltamethrin or CsA. The expression of constitutively active calcineurin (CnADeltaCaMAI) inhibited the ATP-induced increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), in both the presence and the absence of extracellular Ca(2+). These results suggest that the constitutively active calcineurin prevented Ca(2+) release from the intracellular stores. In the calcineurin-transfected cells, treatment with CsA restored the calcineurin-mediated inhibition of intracellular Ca(2+) release. Protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation of Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptor [Ins(1,4,5)P(3)R] was partly inhibited by the extracts prepared from the vector-transfected cells and completely inhibited by those from cells co-transfected with CnADeltaCaMAI and calcineurin B. On the addition of 10 microM CsA, the inhibited phosphorylation of Ins(1,4,5)P(3)R was restored in both the vector-transfected cells and the calcineurin-transfected cells. These results show direct evidence that Ca(2+) release through Ins(1, 4,5)P(3)R in COS-7 cells is regulated by calcineurin-mediated dephosphorylation.[1]


  1. Regulation of ATP-induced calcium release in COS-7 cells by calcineurin. Bandyopadhyay, A., Shin, D.W., Kim, D.H. Biochem. J. (2000) [Pubmed]
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