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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Attenuation of pressure-induced myogenic contraction and tyrosine phosphorylation by fasudil, a cerebral vasodilator, in rat cerebral artery.

The mechanism by which fasudil inhibits pressure-induced myogenic contraction was studied with regard to tyrosine phosphorylation in rat cerebral artery. Intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and vessel diameter were simultaneously measured. Total tyrosine phosphorylation level and phosphorylation of tyrosine 419 on pp60(src) required for its full catalytic activity were immunocytochemically detected in situ. Fasudil (1 - 100 microM) partially suppressed the increase in [Ca(2+)](i), and totally attenuated contraction elicited by pressurization from 10 to 60 mmHg. Furthermore, fasudil (100 microM) significantly attenuated tyrosine phosphorylation and the activity of pp60(src) augmented in situ by pressure. Herbimycin A (1 - 100 nM) and genistein (3 - 30 microM), tyrosine kinase inhibitors, effectively attenuated the pressure-induced increase in [Ca(2+)](i), contraction, tyrosine phosphorylation, and activation of pp60(src). Both fasudil and herbimycin A directly inhibited the pp60(src) activity in a cell free system. Orthovanadate (100 microM), a tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, significantly potentiated the pressure-induced increase in [Ca(2+)](i) and contraction. Nicardipine (100 nM), a Ca(2+) antagonist, completely inhibited pressure-induced increase in [Ca(2+)](i) and contraction, but affected neither tyrosine phosphorylation nor activity of pp60(src) in the pressurized arteries. Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid-serine peptide (1 - 100 microM) concentration-dependently reduced the pressure-induced contraction. In addition to the hitherto reported vasodilatory actions of fasudil, the present results suggest the inhibition by fasudil of pressure-induced tyrosine phosphorylation and pp60(src) activation. The wide spectrum of inhibitory actions of fasudil may contribute to the effective attenuation of the pressure-induced contraction in the cerebral artery.[1]


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