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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Somatosensory evoked spikes and epileptic seizures: a study of 385 cases.

We examined 385 children whose EEG showed high voltage potentials evoked by taps applied to one or both feet or hands (SES). The relationship between characteristics of SES and the occurrence of epileptic seizures and the characterization of epileptic syndromes were studied. Ninety-one children (23.6%) had epilepsy, 42 (10.9%) had only febrile convulsions and 252 children had other complaints. Epilepsy occurred in a higher proportion of cases when: SES by foot tapping were multiphasic, with high amplitude or SES were obtained by hand stimulation and there was spontaneous epileptiform activity in the EEG. The following epileptic syndromes were diagnosed: benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes in 21 cases, benign epilepsy of childhood with occipital paroxysms in 2, benign psychomotor epilepsy in 1, "partial idiopathic others" in 43, generalized idiopathic in 8, symptomatic epilepsies in 13 and undetermined in 3 cases. In most cases SES were observed in children without evidence of cerebral organic lesion, suggesting the existence of an age-related, functional mechanism. Some characteristics of SES and the occurrence of spontaneous epileptiform activity showed a positive association with epileptic seizures. SES occurred in different types of partial and generalized epilepsies of childhood but in nearly 50% of the cases with epilepsy, there was a benign condition involving mainly the parietal lobe with versive, unilateral and sleep-generalized seizures.[1]


  1. Somatosensory evoked spikes and epileptic seizures: a study of 385 cases. Fonseca, L.C., Tedrus, G.M. Clinical EEG (electroencephalography). (2000) [Pubmed]
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