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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Possible association of BLM in decreasing DNA double strand breaks during DNA replication.

Bloom's syndrome (BS) is a rare genetic disorder and the cells from BS patients show genomic instability and an increased level of sister chromatid exchange (SCE). We generated BLM(-/-) and BLM(-/-)/RAD54(-/-) DT40 cells from the chicken B-lymphocyte line DT40. The BLM(-/-) DT40 cells showed higher sensitivity to methyl methanesulfonate and elevated levels of SCE as expected. The targeted integration frequency was also increased remarkably in BLM(-/-) cells. The SCE frequency increase in BLM(-/-) cells was considerably reduced and the enhanced targeted integration observed in BLM(-/-) cells was almost completely abolished in BLM(-/-)/RAD54(-/-) cells, indicating that a large portion of the SCE in BLM(-/-) cells occurs via homologous recombination, and homologous recombination events increase with the defect of BLM function. The BLM(-/-)/RAD54(-/-) cells showed a slow growth phenotype and an increased incidence of chromosome-type breaks/gaps while each single mutant showed relatively small numbers of chromosome-type breaks/gaps.[1]


  1. Possible association of BLM in decreasing DNA double strand breaks during DNA replication. Wang, W., Seki, M., Narita, Y., Sonoda, E., Takeda, S., Yamada, K., Masuko, T., Katada, T., Enomoto, T. EMBO J. (2000) [Pubmed]
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