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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclooxygenase-2-derived prostaglandin D(2) is an early anti-inflammatory signal in experimental colitis.

The ability of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors to exacerbate inflammatory bowel disease suggests that prostaglandins are important anti-inflammatory mediators in this context. Prostaglandin D(2) has been suggested to exert anti-inflammatory effects. We investigated the possibility that prostaglandin D(2) derived from cyclooxygenase-2 plays an important role in downregulating colonic inflammation in rats. Colitis was induced by intracolonic administration of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid. At various times thereafter (from 1 h to 7 days), colonic prostaglandin synthesis and myeloperoxidase activity (index of granulocyte infiltration) were measured. Prostaglandin D(2) synthesis was elevated >4-fold above controls within 1-3 h of induction of colitis, preceding significant granulocyte infiltration. Treatment with a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor abolished the increase in prostaglandin D(2) synthesis and caused a doubling of granulocyte infiltration. Colonic granulocyte infiltration was significantly reduced by administration of prostaglandin D(2) or a DP receptor agonist (BW-245C). These results demonstrate that induction of colitis results in a rapid increase in prostaglandin D(2) synthesis via cyclooxygenase-2. Prostaglandin D(2) downregulates granulocyte infiltration into the colonic mucosa, probably through the DP receptor.[1]


  1. Cyclooxygenase-2-derived prostaglandin D(2) is an early anti-inflammatory signal in experimental colitis. Ajuebor, M.N., Singh, A., Wallace, J.L. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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