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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Different subtypes of tachykinin NK(1) receptor binding sites are present in the rat brain.

(2-[(125)I]iodohistidyl(1))Neurokinin A ([(125)I]NKA), which labels "septide-sensitive" but not classic NK(1) binding sites in peripheral tissues, was used to determine whether septide-sensitive binding sites are also present in the rat brain. Binding studies were performed in the presence of SR 48968 (NK(2) antagonist) and senktide (NK(3) agonist) because [(125)I]NKA also labels peripheral NK(2) binding sites and, as shown in this study, central NK(3) binding sites. [(125)I]NKA was found to label not only septide-sensitive binding sites but also a new subtype of NK(1) binding site distinct from classic NK(1) binding sites. Both subtypes of [(125)I]NKA binding sites were sensitive to tachykinin NK(1) antagonists and agonists but also to the endogenous tachykinins NKA, neuropeptide K (NPK), and neuropeptide gamma (NPgamma). However, compounds of the septide family such as substance P(6-11) [SP(6-11)] and propionyl-[Met(O(2))(11)]SP(7-11) and some NK(1) antagonists, GR 82334, RP 67580, and CP 96345, had a much lower affinity for the new NK(1)-sensitive sites than for the septide-sensitive sites. The hypothalamus and colliculi possess only this new subtype of NK(1) site, whereas both types of [(125)I]NKA binding sites were found in the amygdala and some other brain structures. These results not only explain the central effects of septide or SP(6-11), but also those of NKA, NPK, and NPgamma, which can be selectively blocked by NK(1) receptor antagonists.[1]


  1. Different subtypes of tachykinin NK(1) receptor binding sites are present in the rat brain. Beaujouan, J.C., Saffroy, M., Torrens, Y., Glowinski, J. J. Neurochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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