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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genomic typing of minor histocompatibility antigen HA-1 by reference strand mediated conformation analysis (RSCA).

Disparities in minor histocompatibility antigen (mHAg) HA-1 are involved in the development of acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in adult recipient after HLA-identical sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The mHAg HA-1 is an HLA-A*0201-restricted nonapeptide, which derives from the cleavage of a protein encoded at chromosome 19. The sequence analysis of HA-1 cDNA identified two alleles, termed HA-1H and HA-1R, which differ in only two nucleotides at 3' end of exon A, at positions 500 and 504. DNA-based methods for HA-1 typing were developed in 1998, using polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Here, we report the usefulness of reference strand mediated conformation analysis (RSCA), which was developed for mutation detection and typing of polymorphic loci, to discriminate between the two HA-1 alleles. We performed genomic typing of HA-1 locus in 203 HLA-A*0201-positive samples using RSCA and we confirmed these results by PCR-SSP. The results demonstrate the high reproducibility of this method and their strong correlation with the results obtained by PCR-SSP (99%). Only two samples showed disparity between the RSCA typing and the PCR-SSP. Direct sequencing of these samples confirmed that the correct allele assignment was that obtained by the RSCA typing. Furthermore, HA-1- RSCA-based typing provides additional information about the intronic structure of both alleles. With this approach, we describe the almost constant presence (99.2%) of a 5-bp deletion at intronic position 214-218 associated to the HA-1H allele, previously unidentified. We conclude that HA-1 genomic typing by RSCA is easy to perform and that could be used as a routine typing method.[1]


  1. Genomic typing of minor histocompatibility antigen HA-1 by reference strand mediated conformation analysis (RSCA). Aróstegui, J.I., Gallardo, D., Rodríguez-Luaces, M., Querol, S., Madrigal, J.A., García-López, J., Grañena, A. Tissue Antigens (2000) [Pubmed]
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