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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharide from Chlamydophila psittaci strain 6BC.

The lipopolysaccaride of Chlamydophila psittaci 6BC was isolated from tissue culture-grown elementary bodies using a modified phenol/water procedure followed by extraction with phenol/chloroform/light petroleum. Compositional analyses indicated the presence of 3-deoxy-Dmanno-oct-2-ulosonic acid, GlcN, organic bound phosphate and fatty acids in a molar ratio of approximately 3. 3 : 2 : 1.8 : 4. 6. Deacylated lipopolysaccharide was obtained after successive microscale treatment with hydrazine and potassium hydroxide, and was then separated by high performance anion-exchange chromatography into two major fractions, the structures of which were determined by 600 MHz NMR spectroscopy as alpha-Kdo-(2-->8)-alpha-Kdo-(2-->4)-alpha-Kdo-(2-->6)-beta-D-GlcpN -(1 -->6)-alpha-D-GlcpN 1,4'-bisphosphate and alpha-Kdo-(2-->4)-[alpha-Kdo-(2-->8)]-alpha-Kdo-(2-->4)-alpha-Kdo-(2- ->6)-beta-D-GlcpN-(1-->6)-alpha-D-GlcpN 1,4'-bisphosphate. The distribution of fatty acids in lipid A was determined by compositional analyses and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry experiments on lipid A and de-O-acylated lipid A. It was shown that the carbohydrate backbone of lipid A is replaced by a complex mixture of fatty acids, including long-chain and branched (R)-configured 3-hydroxy fatty acids, the latter being exclusively present in an amide linkage.[1]


  1. Structural analysis of the lipopolysaccharide from Chlamydophila psittaci strain 6BC. Rund, S., Lindner, B., Brade, H., Holst, O. Eur. J. Biochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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