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Chemical Compound Review

Aetzkali     potassium hydroxide

Synonyms: Potassia, Potassa, Kaliumhydroxid, Potash lye, AGN-PC-0CQXUZ, ...
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Disease relevance of potassium hydroxide


High impact information on potassium hydroxide

  • CM are extracted from the myocardium and blood by digestion with potassium hydroxide and subsequent microfiltration [6].
  • Elastin peptides prepared by alcoholic potassium hydroxide degradation of highly purified fibrous elastin from bovine ligamentum nuchae (kappa-elastin) were shown to act on the ion channels of human monocytes, aorta smooth muscle cells, and skin fibroblasts [7].
  • In patients with blastomycotic arthritis, cytologic examination of synovial fluid can add to the diagnostic yield of synovial fluid fungal cultures and potassium hydroxide preparations [8].
  • The distribution of STn and Tn in normal and malignant epithelium has been studied in detail by a combination of mucin-, lectin-, and immunohistochemistry with and without pretreatment with potassium hydroxide (KOH), neuraminidase, and KOH-neuraminidase [9].
  • RAST analyses of sera from 24 allergic bakers demonstrated that the albumin fraction of flour is clearly allergenic (as found in previous studies), but in addition, major IgE-binding proteins were found in the other three fractions (globulin, gliadin, and glutenin) when potassium hydroxide was the solvent (but not with water) [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of potassium hydroxide

  • Twenty cases of resected specimens of carcinoma and/or dysplasia complicating ulcerative colitis were histochemically investigated by the periodic acid-thionein Schiff/potassium hydroxide/periodic acid-Schiff (PAT/KOH/PAS) staining method to see mucin characteristics of carcinoma, dysplasia, and the background mucosa of these lesions [11].
  • Application of 1% potassium hydroxide (KOH) reduced subsequent development of anthralin inflammation without loss of its therapeutic effect on psoriasis [12].
  • Sulconazole nitrate 1% cream applied twice daily was compared with its vehicle in the treatment of 229 patients with chronic moccasin-type tinea pedis confirmed by positive results of a potassium hydroxide preparation [13].
  • Solutions of potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide with concentrations between 0.5% and 4% were found to produce mucoid and sticky suspensions when added in drops, using a bacteriological loop, to smears of 609 strains of gram-negative bacteria on glass slides [14].
  • Among all children showing symptoms suggestive of scalp ringworm, hair stumps and scales were collected and exposed to direct microscopic examination using 30% potassium hydroxide solution, and cultivation on Sabouraud's dextrose agar with or without actidione [15].

Biological context of potassium hydroxide


Anatomical context of potassium hydroxide


Associations of potassium hydroxide with other chemical compounds


Gene context of potassium hydroxide


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of potassium hydroxide


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  9. Distribution of sialosyl Tn and Tn antigens within normal and malignant colorectal epithelium. Jass, J.R., Allison, L.J., Edgar, S.G. J. Pathol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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  11. Mucin abnormality of colonic mucosa in ulcerative colitis associated with carcinoma and/or dysplasia. Agawa, S., Muto, T., Morioka, Y. Dis. Colon Rectum (1988) [Pubmed]
  12. Reduction of anthralin inflammation by potassium hydroxide and Teepol. Lawrence, C.M., Shuster, S., Collins, M., Bruce, J.M. Br. J. Dermatol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  13. Sulconazole nitrate 1% cream in the treatment of chronic moccasin-type tinea pedis caused by Trichophyton rubrum. Akers, W.A., Lane, A., Lynfield, Y., Greenberg, J., Hall, J., Mangan, C., Tinker, A. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  14. Differentiation of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and yeasts using a modification of the "string" test. Agbonlahor, D.E., Odugbemi, T.O., Udofia, P.O. The American journal of medical technology. (1983) [Pubmed]
  15. Tinea capitis in schoolchildren from lvory Coast (western Africa). A 1998-1999 cross-sectional study. Ménan, E.I., Zongo-Bonou, O., Rouet, F., Kiki-Barro, P.C., Yavo, W., N'Guessan, F.N., Koné, M. International journal of dermatology. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Synthesis and evaluation of the antiproliferative effects of 1-O-hexadecyl-2-O-methyl-3-O-(2'-acetamido-2'-deoxy-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol and 1-O-hexadecyl-2-O-methyl-3-0- (2'-amino-2'-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-sn-glycerol on epithelial cancer cell growth. Erukulla, R.K., Zhou, X., Samadder, P., Arthur, G., Bittman, R. J. Med. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. 11C-labeled 4-isopropylantipyrine: preparation and biological evaluation as a blood flow tracer in positron emission tomography (PET). Stone-Elander, S., Ingvar, M., Johnström, P., Ehrin, E., Garmelius, B., Greitz, T., Nilsson, J.L., Resul, B., Smith, M.L., Widén, L. J. Med. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  18. Wound healing after potassium hydroxide and surgical gingivectomy in rats. Stokes, J.C., Robertson, P.B., Mahan, C.J. J. Dent. Res. (1975) [Pubmed]
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  24. Characterization of cross-links between cellulose microfibrils, and their occurrence during elongation growth in pea epicotyl. Fujino, T., Sone, Y., Mitsuishi, Y., Itoh, T. Plant Cell Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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  28. Quality control slide for potassium hydroxide and cellufluor fungal preparations. Perry, J.L., Miller, G.R. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  29. Ion-exchange resins in the isolation of nitrogen compounds from petroleum residues. Conceição Oliveira, E., Vaz de Campos, M.C., Sant'Ana Lopes, A., Rodrigues Vale, M.G., Bastos Caramão, E. Journal of chromatography. A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  30. Mucin abnormality in colonic mucosa in patients with familial polyposis coli. Muto, T., Agawa, S., Ooya, M., Morioka, Y. Seminars in surgical oncology. (1987) [Pubmed]
  31. Mucins in breast carcinoma. Hanna, W.M., Corkill, M. Hum. Pathol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  32. Determination of thymosin beta 4 in human blood cells and serum. Hannappel, E., van Kampen, M. J. Chromatogr. (1987) [Pubmed]
  33. One-step procedure for the determination of thymosin beta 4 in small tissue samples and its separation from other thymosin beta 4-like peptides by high-pressure liquid chromatography. Hannappel, E. Anal. Biochem. (1986) [Pubmed]
  34. Detectability of phencyclidine and 11-nor-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid in adulterated urine by radioimmunoassay and fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Bronner, W., Nyman, P., von Minden, D. Journal of analytical toxicology. (1990) [Pubmed]
  35. Fluorescent vs. radioactive microsphere measurement of regional myocardial blood flow. Chien, G.L., Anselone, C.G., Davis, R.F., Van Winkle, D.M. Cardiovasc. Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  36. Geometric accommodation between the dimensions of erythrocytes and the calibre of heart and muscle capillaries in the rat. Canham, P.B., Potter, R.F., Woo, D. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1984) [Pubmed]
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  38. Modified technique to recover microsporidian spores in sodium acetate-acetic acid-formalin-fixed fecal samples by light microscopy and correlation with transmission electron microscopy. Carter, P.L., MacPherson, D.W., McKenzie, R.A. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  39. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled evaluation of short-term treatment with oral itraconazole in patients with tinea versicolor. Hickman, J.G. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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