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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Nonpeptide tachykinin receptor antagonists. II. Pharmacological and pharmacokinetic profile of SB-222200, a central nervous system penetrant, potent and selective NK-3 receptor antagonist.

The pharmacological and pharmacokinetic profile of SB-222200 [(S)-(-)-N-(alpha-ethylbenzyl)-3-methyl-2-phenylquinoline-4-car boxami de], a human NK-3 receptor (hNK-3R) antagonist, was determined. SB-222200 inhibited (125)I-[MePhe(7)]neurokinin B (NKB) binding to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell membranes stably expressing the hNK-3 receptor (CHO-hNK-3R) with a K(i) = 4.4 nM and antagonized NKB- induced Ca(2+) mobilization in HEK 293 cells stably expressing the hNK-3 receptor ( HEK 293-hNK-3R) with an IC(50) = 18.4 nM. SB-222200 was selective for hNK-3 receptors compared with hNK-1 (K(i) > 100,000 nM) and hNK-2 receptors (K(i) = 250 nM). In HEK 293 cells transiently expressing murine NK-3 receptors ( HEK 293-mNK-3R), SB-222200 inhibited binding of (125)I-[MePhe(7)]NKB (K(i) = 174 nM) and antagonized NKB (1 nM)-induced calcium mobilization (IC(50) = 265 nM). In mice oral administration of SB-222200 produced dose-dependent inhibition of behavioral responses induced by i.p. or intracerebral ventricular administration of the NK-3 receptor-selective agonist, senktide, with ED(50) values of approximately 5 mg/kg. SB-222200 effectively crossed the blood-brain barrier in the mouse and rat. The inhibitory effect of SB-222200 against senktide-induced behavioral responses in the mouse correlated significantly with brain, but not plasma, concentrations of the compound. Pharmacokinetic evaluation of SB-222200 in rat after oral administration (8 mg/kg) indicated sustained plasma concentrations (C(max) = about 400 ng/ml) and bioavailability of 46%. The preclinical profile of SB-222200, demonstrating high affinity, selectivity, reversibility, oral activity, and central nervous system penetration, suggests that it will be a useful tool compound to define the physiological and pathophysiological roles of NK-3 receptors, in particular in the central nervous system.[1]

References

  1. Nonpeptide tachykinin receptor antagonists. II. Pharmacological and pharmacokinetic profile of SB-222200, a central nervous system penetrant, potent and selective NK-3 receptor antagonist. Sarau, H.M., Griswold, D.E., Bush, B., Potts, W., Sandhu, P., Lundberg, D., Foley, J.J., Schmidt, D.B., Webb, E.F., Martin, L.D., Legos, J.J., Whitmore, R.G., Barone, F.C., Medhurst, A.D., Luttmann, M.A., Giardina, G.A., Hay, D.W. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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