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Affinity labeling fatty acyl-CoA synthetase with 9-p-azidophenoxy nonanoic acid and the identification of the fatty acid-binding site.

Fatty acyl-CoA synthetase (FACS, fatty acid:CoA ligase, AMP-forming, EC ) catalyzes the esterification of fatty acids to CoA thioesters for further metabolism and is hypothesized to play a pivotal role in the coupled transport and activation of exogenous long-chain fatty acids in Escherichia coli. Previous work on the bacterial enzyme identified a highly conserved region (FACS signature motif) common to long- and medium-chain acyl-CoA synthetases, which appears to contribute to the fatty acid binding pocket. In an effort to further define the fatty acid-binding domain within this enzyme, we employed the affinity labeled long-chain fatty acid [(3)H]9-p-azidophenoxy nonanoic acid (APNA) to specifically modify the E. coli FACS. [(3)H]APNA labeling of the purified enzyme was saturable and specific for long-chain fatty acids as shown by the inhibition of modification with increasing concentrations of palmitate. The site of APNA modification was identified by digestion of [(3)H]APNA cross-linked FACS with trypsin and separation and purification of the resultant peptides using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. One specific (3)H-labeled peptide, T33, was identified and following purification subjected to NH(2)-terminal sequence analysis. This approach yielded the peptide sequence PDATDEIIK, which corresponded to residues 422 to 430 of FACS. This peptide is immediately adjacent to the region of the enzyme that contains the FACS signature motif (residues 431-455). This work represents the first direct identification of the carboxyl-containing substrate-binding domain within the adenylate-forming family of enzymes. The structural model for the E. coli FACS predicts this motif lies within a cleft separating two distinct domains of the enzyme and is adjacent to a region that contains the AMP/ATP signature motif, which together are likely to represent the catalytic core of the enzyme.[1]


  1. Affinity labeling fatty acyl-CoA synthetase with 9-p-azidophenoxy nonanoic acid and the identification of the fatty acid-binding site. Black, P.N., DiRusso, C.C., Sherin, D., MacColl, R., Knudsen, J., Weimar, J.D. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
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