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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Active GPIIb-IIIa conformations that link ligand interaction with cytoskeletal reorganization.

Glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa plays a critical role in platelet aggregation and platelet-mediated clot retraction. This study examined the intramolecular relationship between GPIIb-IIIa activation and fibrinogen binding, platelet aggregation, and platelet-mediated clot retraction. To distinguish between different high-affinity activation states of GPIIb-IIIa, the properties of an antibody (D3) specific for GPIIIa that induces GPIIb-IIIa binding to adhesive protein molecules and yet completely inhibits clot retraction were used. Clot retraction inhibition by D3 was not due to altered platelet-fibrin interaction; however, combination treatments of D3 and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) inhibited full-scale aggregation and decreased the amounts of GPIIb-IIIa and talin incorporated into the core cytoskeletons. Morphologic evaluation of the D3/ADP aggregates showed platelets that were activated but to a lesser extent when compared to ADP only. ADP addition to platelets caused an increase in the number of D3 binding sites indicating that ligand had bound to the GPIIb-IIIa receptor. These data suggest that high-affinity GPIIb-IIIa- mediated ligand binding can be separated mechanistically from GPIIb-IIIa-mediated clot retraction and that clot retraction requires additional signaling through GPIIb-IIIa after ligand binding. The conformation recognized by D3 represents the expression of a GPIIb-IIIa activation state that participates in full-scale platelet aggregation, cytoskeletal reorganization, and clot retraction.[1]


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