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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High resolution DC-EEG mapping of the Bereitschaftspotential preceding simple or complex bimanual sequential finger movement.

The present set of experiments investigated the Bereitschaftspotential (BP) preceding voluntary bimanual sequential simple (task 1) and complex movements (task 2) in supplementary/cingulate and primary motor areas (SCMA, MIs) using 64-channel direct current electroencephalography analysis in 16 right-handed healthy subjects. The results showed that: (1) onset times of BPs preceding the two tasks were significantly earlier at Cz than at C3 and C4, (2) the complex task induced significantly larger amplitudes than the simple task over the SCMA 1.1 s before EMG onset ( BPI period), over the SCMA and both MIs for the BP2 period, extending from the SCMA and MIs to all frontocentral, central, centroparietal, and frontal areas during the motor potential period, (3) task difference prior to 0.96 s mainly appeared in the SCMA rather than in either MI, (4) the BP had a significantly larger amplitude in the SCMA than in the MIs, the differences being asymmetric between the left and the right hemisphere motor areas, and (5) the sinks of BP current source density (CSD) preceding the two tasks were found in the frontocentral midline; and the regions and intensities of CSD maps were larger and stronger in task 2 than they were in task I at the same times of the epoch. The results suggested that: (1) the SCMA and MIs participate in bimanual sequential simple or complex movements, (2) the SCMA appears to not only serve as a trigger command for voluntary movement but also seems to design the different motor modes, (3) the amplitude, duration, onset time, CSD region, and intensity of BP all increase with the level of complexity of the movement, (4) the greater the complexity of the action, the earlier the preparation and the larger the extent of activated neuronal populations in the SCMA, (5) activation of the SCMA occurred prior to that of the MI, and (6) the activation suggests an asymmetry between left and right MIs in simultaneous bilateral finger movement, but this asymmetry seems to be less pronounced for complex movements.[1]


  1. High resolution DC-EEG mapping of the Bereitschaftspotential preceding simple or complex bimanual sequential finger movement. Cui, R.Q., Huter, D., Egkher, A., Lang, W., Lindinger, G., Deecke, L. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (2000) [Pubmed]
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