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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular distribution of volume-regulated chloride channels (ClC-2 and ClC-3) in cardiac tissues.

The molecular identification of cardiac chloride channels has provided probes to investigate their distribution and abundance in heart. In this study, the molecular expression and distribution of volume-regulated chloride channels ClC-2 and ClC-3 in cardiac tissues were analyzed and quantified. Total RNA was isolated from atria and ventricles of several species (dog, guinea pig, and rat) and subjected to a quantitative RT-PCR strategy. ClC-2 and ClC-3 mRNA expression were calculated relative to beta-actin expression within these same tissues. The transcriptional levels of ClC-3 mRNA were between 1.8 and 10.2% of beta-actin expression in atria and between 3.4 and 8.6% of beta-actin in ventricles (n = 3 for each tissue). The levels of ClC-2 in both atria and ventricles were significantly less than those measured for ClC-3 (n = 3; P < 0.05). ClC-2 mRNA levels were between 0.04-0.08% and 0.03-0.18% of beta-actin expression in atria and ventricles, respectively (n = 3 for each tissue). Immunoblots of atrial and ventricular wall protein extracts demonstrated ClC-2- and ClC-3-specific immunoreactivity at 97 and 85 kDa, respectively. Immunohistochemical localization in guinea pig cardiac muscle demonstrates a ubiquitous distribution of ClC-2 and ClC-3 channels in the atrial and ventricular wall. Confocal analysis detected colocalization of ClC-2 and ClC-3 in sarcolemmal membranes and distinct ClC-3 immunoreactivity in cytoplasmic regions. The molecular expression of ClC-2 and ClC-3 in cardiac tissue is consistent with the proposed role of these chloride channels in the regulation of cardiac cell volume and the modulation of cardiac electrical activity.[1]


  1. Molecular distribution of volume-regulated chloride channels (ClC-2 and ClC-3) in cardiac tissues. Britton, F.C., Hatton, W.J., Rossow, C.F., Duan, D., Hume, J.R., Horowitz, B. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
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