The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Filamin (280-kDa actin-binding protein) is a caspase substrate and is also cleaved directly by the cytotoxic T lymphocyte protease granzyme B during apoptosis.

We used yeast two-hybrid screening to identify the cytoskeletal protein filamin as a ligand for the proapoptotic protease granzyme B, produced by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Filamin was directly cleaved by granzyme B when target cells were exposed to granzyme B and the lytic protein perforin, but it was also cleaved in a caspase-dependent manner following the ligation of Fas receptors. A similar pattern of filamin cleavage to polypeptides of approximately 110 and 95 kDa was observed in Jurkat cells killed by either mechanism. However, filamin cleavage in response to granzyme B was not inhibited by the caspase inhibitor z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone at concentrations that abolished DNA fragmentation. Filamin staining was redistributed from the cell membrane into the cytoplasm of Jurkat cells exposed to granzyme B and perforin and following ligation of Fas receptors, coincident with the morphological changes of apoptosis. Filamin-deficient human melanoma cells were significantly (although not completely) protected from granzyme B- mediated death compared with isogenic filamin-expressing cells, both in clonogenic survival and (51)Cr release assays, whereas death from multiple other stimuli was not affected by filamin deficiency. Thus, filamin is a functionally important substrate for granzyme B, as its cleavage may account at least partly for caspase-independent cell death mediated by the granzyme.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities