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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Filamin (280-kDa actin-binding protein) is a caspase substrate and is also cleaved directly by the cytotoxic T lymphocyte protease granzyme B during apoptosis.

We used yeast two-hybrid screening to identify the cytoskeletal protein filamin as a ligand for the proapoptotic protease granzyme B, produced by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Filamin was directly cleaved by granzyme B when target cells were exposed to granzyme B and the lytic protein perforin, but it was also cleaved in a caspase-dependent manner following the ligation of Fas receptors. A similar pattern of filamin cleavage to polypeptides of approximately 110 and 95 kDa was observed in Jurkat cells killed by either mechanism. However, filamin cleavage in response to granzyme B was not inhibited by the caspase inhibitor z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone at concentrations that abolished DNA fragmentation. Filamin staining was redistributed from the cell membrane into the cytoplasm of Jurkat cells exposed to granzyme B and perforin and following ligation of Fas receptors, coincident with the morphological changes of apoptosis. Filamin-deficient human melanoma cells were significantly (although not completely) protected from granzyme B- mediated death compared with isogenic filamin-expressing cells, both in clonogenic survival and (51)Cr release assays, whereas death from multiple other stimuli was not affected by filamin deficiency. Thus, filamin is a functionally important substrate for granzyme B, as its cleavage may account at least partly for caspase-independent cell death mediated by the granzyme.[1]


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