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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The dimerization of folded monomers of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase.

Spontaneous refolding and reconstitution processes of dimeric ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) from Rhodospirillum rubrum have been investigated using size-exclusion high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), spectroscopic, and activity measurements. When the unfolded Rubisco in guanidine hydrochloride is diluted at 4 degrees C, a folding intermediate (Rubisco-I) is rapidly formed, which remains in an unstable monomeric state and gradually develops into folded monomer (Rubisco-M) at 4 degrees C but undergoes irreversible aggregation at 25 degrees C. Refolding of Rubisco-I to Rubisco-M is a very slow process, taking about 20 h for 70% conversion at 4 degrees C. Rubisco-M is stable at 4 degrees C and is capable of forming an active dimer spontaneously when incubated at a temperature higher than 10 degrees C. The dynamic dimerization process has been measured in a temperature range of 4-35 degrees C by HPLC, and the results demonstrate that the dimerization is strongly facilitated by the temperature. It is found that dithiothreitol is essential for the spontaneous reconstitution of Rubisco.[1]


  1. The dimerization of folded monomers of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Luo, S., Wang, Z.Y., Kobayashi, M., Nozawa, T. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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