The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Properties and function of pancreatic lipase related protein 2.

The lipase gene family includes pancreatic triglyceride lipase and two pancreatic proteins, pancreatic lipase related proteins 1 and 2, with strong nucleotide and amino acid sequence homology to pancreatic triglyceride lipase. All three proteins have virtually identical three-dimensional structures. Of the pancreatic triglyceride lipase homologues, only pancreatic lipase related protein 2 has lipase activity. Like pancreatic triglyceride lipase, related protein 2 cleaves triglycerides, but it has broader substrate specificity. Pancreatic lipase related protein 2 also hydrolyzes phospholipids and galactolipids, two fats that are not substrates for pancreatic triglyceride lipase. The rat-related protein 2 also differs from pancreatic triglyceride lipase in sensitivity to bile salts and in response to colipase. Although the pancreas expresses both lipases, their temporal pattern of expression differs. Pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 mRNA appears before birth and persists into adulthood, whereas PTL mRNA first appears at the suckling-weanling transition. Additionally, intestinal enterocytes, paneth cells and cultured cytotoxic T-cells express mRNA encoding pancreatic lipase related protein 2. A physiological function for pancreatic lipase related protein 2 was demonstrated in mice that did not express this protein. Pancreatic lipase related protein 2 deficient mice malabsorbed fat in the suckling period, but not after weaning. They also had a defect in T-cell mediated cytotoxicity. Thus, pancreatic lipase related protein 2 is a lipase that participates in the cytotoxic activity of T-cells and plays a critical role in the digestion of breast milk fats.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities