The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C by HDL-associated lysosphingolipid. Involvement in mitogenesis but not in cholesterol efflux.

Our earlier studies demonstrated that high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) stimulate multiple signaling pathways, including activation of phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipases C and D (PC-PLs) and phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C ( PI-PLC). However, only activation of PC-PLs was linked to the HDL-induced cholesterol efflux. In the study presented here, the role of HDL-induced PI-PLC activation was studied. In human skin fibroblasts, HDL potently induced PI-PLC as inferred from enhanced phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PtdInsP(2)) turnover and Ca(2+) mobilization. The major protein component of HDL, apo A-I, did not induce PtdInsP(2) turnover or Ca(2+) mobilization in these cells. Both HDL and apo A-I promoted cellular cholesterol efflux, whereas only HDL induced fibroblast proliferation. Inhibition of PI-PLC with U73122 or blocking intracellular Ca(2+) elevation with Ni(2+) or EGTA markedly reduced the extent of HDL-induced cell proliferation but had no effect on cholesterol efflux. In fibroblasts from patients with Tangier disease which are characterized by defective cholesterol efflux, neither HDL-induced PtdInsP(2) breakdown and Ca(2+) mobilization nor cell proliferation was impaired. HDL-induced fibroblast proliferation, PtdInsP(2) turnover, and Ca(2+) mobilization were fully mimicked by the lipid fraction isolated from HDL. Analysis of this fraction with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOF-SIMS) revealed that the PI-PLC-inducing activity is identical with two bioactive lysosphingolipids, namely, lysosulfatide (LSF) and sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC). Like native HDL, LSF and SPC induced PtdInsP(2) turnover, Ca(2+) mobilization, and fibroblast proliferation. However, both compounds did not promote cholesterol efflux. In conclusion, two agonist activities are carried by HDL. Apo A-I stimulates phosphatidylcholine breakdown and thereby facilitates cholesterol efflux, whereas LSF and SPC trigger PI-PLC activation and thereby stimulate cell proliferation.[1]


  1. Activation of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C by HDL-associated lysosphingolipid. Involvement in mitogenesis but not in cholesterol efflux. Nofer, J.R., Fobker, M., Höbbel, G., Voss, R., Wolinska, I., Tepel, M., Zidek, W., Junker, R., Seedorf, U., von Eckardstein, A., Assmann, G., Walter, M. Biochemistry (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities