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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of nm23-H1 in transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract.

Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract is an uncommon neoplasm. Relatively little information is available regarding the clinical relevance of molecular markers. This study was performed to examine the importance of nm23-H1 gene expression (NM23-H1) in this type of tumors. Immunohistochemical expression of NM23-H1 was analyzed in 90 cases of upper urinary tract cancer, and was compared for its prognostic significance with conventional biological indicators. High expression of NM23-H1 was found in 7 cases (8%), intermediate expression in 32 cases (36%), and low expression in 51 cases (57%). Reduced NM23-H1 (defined as intermediate or low level of expression) was associated with a higher histological grading (p=0.002), invasive tumor growth (p=0. 002), or an increased proliferating cell nuclear antigen labeling index (p=0.004). NM23-H1 tended to inversely relate to later recurrence or long-term survival (p=0.06), but, only tumor staging was found to be significant in predicting clinical outcome (p=0.002). nm23-H1 appears to function as a tumor suppressor for upper urinary tract cancer, however, evaluation of NM23-H1 provides limited prognostic information.[1]


  1. Expression of nm23-H1 in transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract. Cheng, H.L., Tong, Y.C., Tzai, T.S., Weng, C.L., Ho, C.L., Yang, W.H., Lin, J.S., Chow, N.H. Oncol. Rep. (2001) [Pubmed]
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