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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

2-Hydroxyacid dehydrogenase from Haloferax mediterranei, a D-isomer-specific member of the 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family.

An NAD-dependent D-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.) was isolated and characterized from the halophilic Archaeon Haloferax mediterranei. The enzyme is a dimer with a molecular mass of 101.4 +/- 3.3 kDa. It is strictly NAD-dependent and exhibits its highest activity in 4 M NaCl. The enzyme is characterized by a broad substrate specificity 2-ketoisocaproate and 2-ketobutyrate being the substrates with the higher Vmax/Km. When pyruvate and 2-ketobutyrate were the substrates the optimal pH was acidic (pH 5) meanwhile for 2-ketoisocaproate maximum activity was achieved at basic pH between 7.5 and 8. 5. The optimum temperature was 52 degrees C and at 65 degrees C there was a pronounced activity decrease. This new enzyme can be used for the production of D-2-hydroxycarboxylic acid.[1]


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