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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors interacts with octamer transcription factor-1 and acts as a transcriptional repressor.

Octamer transcription factor-1 (Oct-1) is a member of the POU (Pit-1, Oct-1, unc-86) family of transcription factors and is involved in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of gene expressions related to cell cycle regulation, development, and hormonal signals. It has been shown that Oct-1 acts not only as a transcriptional activator but also as a transcriptional repressor for certain genes. The mechanism of the repressive function of Oct-1 has not been well understood. Here we demonstrate by using the glutathione S-transferase pull-down assays and coimmunoprecipitation assays that the POU domain of Oct-1 directly interacts with a silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT). The interaction surfaces are located in the C-terminal region of SMRT, which are different from previously described silencing domains I and II or receptor interacting domains I and II. In transient transfection assays in COS1 cells, overexpression of SMRT attenuated the augmentation of Oct-1 transcriptional activity by OBF-1/OCA-B, activator for Oct-1. In pull-down assays, increasing amounts of SMRT could compete the binding of OCA-B to Oct-1 POU domain. The activity of Oct-1 could be determined by a regulated balance between SMRT and OCA-B. Furthermore, cotransfected unliganded thyroid hormone receptor enhanced the transactivation by Oct-1, and addition of 3,3',5-tri-iodo-l-thyronine obliterated the stimulatory effects. Consequently, in the presence of cotransfected thyroid hormone receptor, the octamer response element acts as an element negatively regulated by 3,3',5-tri-iodo-l-thyronine. The results suggest that the transcriptional activity of Oct-1 can be modulated by interaction through its POU domain by a silencing mediator SMRT resulting in the cross-talk between Oct-1 and nuclear receptors.[1]


  1. Silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors interacts with octamer transcription factor-1 and acts as a transcriptional repressor. Kakizawa, T., Miyamoto, T., Ichikawa, K., Takeda, T., Suzuki, S., Mori , J., Kumagai, M., Yamashita, K., Hashizume, K. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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