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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Major tyrosine identity determinants in Methanococcus jannaschii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae tRNA(Tyr) are conserved but expressed differently.

Using in vitro tRNA transcripts and minihelices it was shown that the tyrosine identity for tRNA charging by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) from the archaeon Methanococcus jannaschii is determined by six nucleotides: the discriminator base A73 and the first base-pair C1-G72 in the acceptor stem together with the anticodon triplet. The anticodon residues however, participate only weakly in identity determination, especially residues 35 and 36. The completeness of the aforementioned identity set was verified by its tranfer into several tRNAs which then become as efficiently tyrosylatable as the wild-type transcript from M. jannaschii. Temperature dependence experiments on both the structure and the tyrosylation properties of M. jannaschii and yeast tRNA(Tyr) transcripts show that the archaeal transcript has greater structural stability and enhanced aminoacylation behaviour than the yeast transcript. Tyrosine identity in M. jannaschii is compared to that in yeast, and the conservation of the major determinant in both organisms, namely the C1-G72 pair, gives additional support to the existence of a functional connection between archaeal and eukaryotic aminoacylation systems.[1]


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