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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spectral karyotyping of Werner syndrome fibroblast cultures.

Fibroblast cultures from two Werner syndrome patients were analyzed by spectral karyotyping. There were multiple, pseudodiploid clones in both cultures, mostly marked by random balanced reciprocal translocations. One of the cultures contained a clone with three-way exchanges involving chromosomes 2, 3, and 16. Duplication-deficiencies were exceptional, as were completely normal metaphases. The most frequent breakpoint occurred at 16q22 which corresponds to FRA16B, possibly reflecting difficulties of WS cells in replicating AT-rich repetitive DNA structures. Both cultures ceased proliferation after eight in vitro passages, but a single clone with exceptional growth potential emerged in one of the senescing cultures. Due to its identical translocations, the derivation of this near tetraploid clone (with tetrasomy for all autosomes except chromosomes 4 and 6) could be traced to the most prevalent pseudodiploid clone of the parental mass culture. Our study confirms the existence of variegated translocation mosaicism as the cytogenetic hallmark of WS fibroblast cultures and suggests that tetraploidization in combination with certain chromosome rearrangements and selective chromosome dosage may overcome the severely limited in vitro lifespan of WS fibroblasts.[1]


  1. Spectral karyotyping of Werner syndrome fibroblast cultures. Melcher, R., von Golitschek, R., Steinlein, C., Schindler, D., Neitzel, H., Kainer, K., Schmid, M., Hoehn, H. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. (2000) [Pubmed]
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