The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pleiotrophin induces angiogenesis: involvement of the phosphoinositide-3 kinase but not the nitric oxide synthase pathways.

Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a developmentally regulated protein that has been shown to be involved in tumor growth and metastasis presumably by activating tumor angiogenesis. To clarify the potential angiogenic activity of PTN and to analyze the signaling pathways involved in this process, we used an in vitro model of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC). We show that PTN was mitogenic toward a variety of endothelial cells including HUVEC, stimulated HUVEC migration across a reconstituted basement membrane and induced the formation of capillary-like structures by HUVEC grown as 3D-cultures in Matrigel or collagen. The signaling pathways triggered following endothelial cell stimulation by PTN were studied by using pharmacological inhibitors of the Phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) and endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS), two enzymes that have been shown to be crucial in the angiogenic response to Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF). Whereas wortmannin (a PI3K inhibitor) and L-NAME (an eNOS inhibitor) dramatically reduced HUVEC growth induced by VEGF, only the former inhibitor reduced the growth induced by PTN and to a lesser extent that stimulated by basic Fibroblast Growth Factor. Thus, our results indicate that PTN induces angiogenesis and utilizes PI3K- but not eNOS-dependent pathways for its angiogenic activity.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities