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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel ganglioside isolated from renal cell carcinoma.

In renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the level of higher gangliosides is correlated with degree of metastatic potential, and cell lines derived from metastatic deposits of RCC are characterized by high expression of disialogangliosides (Saito, S., Orikasa, S., Ohyama, C., Satoh, M., and Fukushi, Y. (1991) Int. J. Cancer 49, 329-334 and Saito, S., Orikasa, S., Satoh, M., Ohyama, C., Ito, A., and Takahashi, T. (1997) Jpn. J. Cancer Res. (Gann) 88, 652-659). We now report two disialogangliosides, G1 and G2, found in the RCC cell line TOS-1. G1 from TOS-1 cells was characterized as having a novel hybrid structure between ganglio-series (region I as in Structure; same as the terminal structure of ganglioside GM2), and the lacto-series type 1 (region II). The characterization was based on reactivity with various monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with defined epitope specificity, as well as monosaccharide and fatty acid component analysis, (1)H NMR spectroscopy, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry of the intact compound. G1 showed strong reactivity with mAb RM2, raised originally against TOS-1 cells, and weak cross-reactivity with anti-GM2 mAb MK-1-8. The antigen is hereby termed GalNAc disialosyl Lc4Cer (IV4GalNAcIV3NeuAcIII6NeuAcLc4; abbreviated GalNAcDSLc4). G2 was identified by 1H NMR and mass spectrometry as having a structure similar to Structure but without the GalNAcbeta1-->4 substitution and showed strong reactivity with mAb FH9 reported previously to be specific for disialosyl lacto-series type 1 (disialosyl Lc(4)) having vicinal alpha2-->3 and alpha2-->6 sialosyl residues, an antigen associated with human colonic cancer. Clinicopathological studies indicate that expression of these disialoganglioside antigens in RCC tissue is correlated with the metastatic potential of RCC.[1]


  1. A novel ganglioside isolated from renal cell carcinoma. Ito, A., Levery, S.B., Saito, S., Satoh, M., Hakomori , S. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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