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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CD47-signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPalpha) regulates Fcgamma and complement receptor-mediated phagocytosis.

In autoimmune hemolytic anemia ( AIHA), circulating red blood cells (RBCs) opsonized with autoantibody are recognized by macrophage Fcgamma and complement receptors. This triggers phagocytosis and elimination of RBCs from the circulation by splenic macrophages. We recently found that CD47 on unopsonized RBCs binds macrophage signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPalpha), generating a negative signal that prevents phagocytosis of the unopsonized RBCs. We show here that clearance and phagocytosis of opsonized RBCs is also regulated by CD47-SIRPalpha. The inhibition generated by CD47-SIRPalpha interaction is strongly attenuated but not absent in mice with only residual activity of the phosphatase Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP)-1, suggesting that most SIRPalpha signaling in this system is mediated by SHP-1 phosphatase activity. The macrophage phagocytic response is controlled by an integration of the inhibitory SIRPalpha signal with prophagocytic signals such as from Fcgamma and complement receptor activation. Thus, augmentation of inhibitory CD47-SIRPalpha signaling may prevent or attenuate RBC clearance in AIHA.[1]


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