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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Anxiolyticlike effects of atrial natriuretic peptide on cholecystokinin tetrapeptide-induced panic attacks: preliminary findings.

BACKGROUND: Panic attacks induced by administration of cholecystokinin tetrapeptide (CCK-4) have been evaluated as a valuable tool to investigate the neurobiological mechanisms involved in panic anxiety. The rationale to study the effects of natriuretic peptides on the CCK-4 response is derived from observations that atrial natriuretic peptide ( ANP) is released during panic attacks in humans and has anxiolyticlike actions in various animal models. METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled design was conducted in 9 patients with panic disorder and 9 similar healthy control subjects. After pretreatment with an infusion of 150 microg of ANP or placebo in random order, each subject received 50 microg of CCK-4. Psychopathological parameters as well as physiological measures were sampled before and after CCK-4 administration. RESULTS: After pretreatment with ANP, the number of CCK-4-induced panic attacks decreased from 8 to 6 in patients and from 5 to 2 in controls. Acute Panic Inventory ratings were significantly reduced in patients after ANP vs placebo pretreatment. Infusion of ANP significantly curtailed the CCK-4-induced release of corticotropin in patients. Heart rate variability analysis indicated a sympathetic stimulation by CCK-4 that was inhibited by ANP in patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that ANP exerts anxiolyticlike effects on CCK-4-stimulated anxiety attacks in patients with panic disorder. In addition, ANP produced an inhibition of the hypothalamopituitary-adrenocortical system and sympatholytic effects.[1]


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