The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence that NADP+ is the physiological cofactor of ADP-L-glycero-D-mannoheptose 6-epimerase.

ADP-L-glycero-D-mannoheptose 6-epimerase is required for lipopolysaccharide inner core biosynthesis in several genera of Gram-negative bacteria. The enzyme contains both fingerprint sequences Gly-X-Gly-X-X-Gly and Gly-X-X-Gly-X-X-Gly near its N terminus, which is indicative of an ADP binding fold. Previous studies of this ADP-l-glycero-D-mannoheptose 6-epimerase (ADP-hep 6-epimerase) were consistent with an NAD(+) cofactor. However, the crystal structure of this ADP-hep 6-epimerase showed bound NADP (Deacon, A. M., Ni, Y. S., Coleman, W. G., Jr., and Ealick, S. E. (2000) Structure 5, 453-462). In present studies, apo-ADP-hep 6-epimerase was reconstituted with NAD(+), NADP(+), and FAD. In this report we provide data that shows NAD(+) and NADP(+) both restored enzymatic activity, but FAD could not. Furthermore, ADP-hep 6-epimerase exhibited a preference for binding of NADP(+) over NAD(+). The K(d) value for NADP(+) was 26 microm whereas that for NAD(+) was 45 microm. Ultraviolet circular dichroism spectra showed that apo-ADP-hep 6-epimerase reconstituted with NADP(+) had more secondary structure than apo-ADP-hep 6-epimerase reconstituted with NAD(+). Perchloric acid extracts of the purified enzyme were assayed with NAD(+)-specific alcohol dehydrogenase and NADP(+)-specific isocitric dehydrogenase. A sample of the same perchloric acid extract was analyzed in chromatographic studies, which demonstrated that ADP-hep 6-epimerase binds NADP(+) in vivo. A structural comparison of ADP-hep 6-epimerase with UDP-galactose 4-epimerase, which utilizes an NAD(+) cofactor, has identified the regions of ADP-hep 6-epimerase, which defines its specificity for NADP(+).[1]


  1. Evidence that NADP+ is the physiological cofactor of ADP-L-glycero-D-mannoheptose 6-epimerase. Ni, Y., McPhie, P., Deacon, A., Ealick, S., Coleman, W.G. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities