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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The transfection-induced overexpression of IGF-binding protein-4 affects the secretory activity of porcine ovarian granulosa cells and their response to hormones and IGF-I.

The aim of our studies was to examine whether IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-4 is involved in the control of the secretion of various ovarian substances and also the mediation of the effects of several hormones and growth factors on this secretion. For this purpose, we carried out the transfection of porcine granulosa cells with a cDNA sense construct, increasing IGFBP-4 synthesis. We then compared the release of IGFBP-3, progesterone, oxytocin and IGF-I by control and transfected cells cultured with and without porcine LH (100 ng/ml), porcine GH (100 ng/ml), IGF-I (10 ng/ml), oxytocin (10 ng/ml) and estradiol-17beta (100 ng/ml). The concentration of IGFBP-4 produced was assessed using ligand blotting, and the release of progesterone, oxytocin, IGF-I and IGFBP-3 was evaluated using RIA/IRMA techniques. It was observed that GH, IGF-I, estradiol, LH and oxytocin alter the progesterone, oxytocin, IGF-I and IGFBP-3 release by porcine ovarian granulosa cells. Transfection of these cells with an IBFBP-4 cDNA expression construct significantly increased the IGFBP-4 accumulation in cell-conditioned medium. Furthermore, this transfection significantly reduced progesterone, oxytocin and IGFBP-3 release, and increased IGF-I output in cells cultured in the absence or presence of GH, IGF-I, estradiol and LH. The addition of oxytocin, but not of other tested substances, fully or partially prevented the effects of IGFBP-4 overexpression on IGFBP-3, IGF-I, but not on progesterone release. The present results suggested that IGFBP-4, as well as GH, IGF-I, estradiol, LH and oxytocin, is a potent regulator of porcine ovarian steroid (progesterone), nonapeptide hormone (oxytocin), growth factor (IGF-I) and growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP-3) release. IGFBP-4 is an inhibitor of basal progesterone, oxytocin and IGFBP-3 release and a stimulator of IGF-I output by porcine ovarian cells. The action of IGFBP-4 on the ovary can be mediated by (1) inhibition of oxytocin release, (2) suppression of receptor/postreceptor events induced by other hormones and IGF-I and (3) stimulation of IGF-I release.[1]


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