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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of modified low density lipoprotein subfractions by capillary isotachophoresis.

Oxidative modification of low density lipoproteins (LDLs) is an important pathogenetic factor in atherosclerosis. The various steps in oxidative modifications of LDL can be monitored using different methodologies with varying degrees of complexity. In this study, we propose capillary isotachophoresis ( CITP) as a suitable tool to detect and measure the degree of oxidation of LDL. LDL was isolated from pooled plasma of healthy volunteers by sequential ultracentrifugation, and oxidation was performed in vitro as well as in cell culture experiments. Native LDL and oxidatively modified LDL were characterized by apo B-100 fluorescence and conjugated diene formation. Samples were separated by CITP combined with sudan black B staining. To underline the inherent advantages of this approach, CITP was compared with classical lipoprotein electrophoresis using agarose gel. We demonstrate the CITP method to be highly sensitive, as changes in peak area of the separated LDL subfractions were detected after only 2 h of oxidation. The leading LDL peaks increased, while the terminating LDL peaks decreased in parallel throughout the duration of oxidation. The LDL samples, oxidized for 4-24 h, also exhibited an increased migration velocity of the fractions. In summary, we present the first study investigating LDL-subfractions separated by CITP and the alterations of these LDL-subfractions after gradual in vitro oxidation and after oxidative modification by monocyte-derived macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells.[1]


  1. Characterization of modified low density lipoprotein subfractions by capillary isotachophoresis. Zorn, U., Haug, C., Celik, E., Wennauer, R., Schmid-Kotsas, A., Bachem, M.G., Grünert, A. Electrophoresis (2001) [Pubmed]
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