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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biological activities of two porcine growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor isoforms.

Binding of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) to two isoforms (G3R and G5R) of the porcine GHRH receptor was studied. Both G3R- and G5R-cDNA were isolated from a porcine anterior pituitary cDNA library and have an identical primary structure from aa 1 to 418 and a different aa sequence from aa 419 to 423. In addition, the G5R isoform contains an extra C-terminal tail of 28 aa. The G3R and G5R mRNAs arise from alternative splicing of a single precursor mRNA for GHRH receptors. A mammalian cell expression vector containing either G3R or G5R cDNA under the regulation of a strong human cytomegalovirus promoter was constructed and used to transfect a human embryonic kidney 293 cell line. Two stable transfectants (293/G3R-4 and 293/G5R-12) were isolated on the basis of high expression of the receptor mRNAs. Both G3R and G5R mRNAs were expressed at similarly high levels in 293/G3R-4 and 293/G5R-12 cells; however, GHRH binding to 293/G3R-4 cells was much greater than that observed for 293/G5R-12 cells. Basal as well as GHRH-stimulated GTPase activity and intracellular cAMP concentration are also significantly greater in 293/G3R-4 cells as compared to 293/G5R-12 cells. We conclude that the modification of GHRH receptor at the C-terminal region hindered GHRH binding to the receptor and thus attenuates its biological activities.[1]


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