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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunohistochemical localization and comparison of carboxypeptidases D, E, and Z, alpha-MSH, ACTH, and MIB-1 between human anterior and corticotroph cell "basophil invasion" of the posterior pituitary.

Basophil invasion, i.e., invasion of basophilic corticotrophs from the residual intermediate lobe into the posterior lobe of the human pituitary gland, is believed to be a physiological phenomenon. This study evaluated the distribution of CPE, CPD, CPZ, alpha-MSH, ACTH, and Ki-67 immunoreactivity between human anterior pituitary and basophil invasion of the neurohypophysis. Mild to moderate immunoreactivities for CPE and CPZ were distributed relatively uniformly in the majority of the anterior pituitary cells and basophil invasion. In contrast, only corticotrophs exhibited intense CPD immunoreactivity. Basophil invasion showed similar immunoreactivities for alpha-MSH, ACTH, CPE, and CPZ as corticotrophs in the anterior pituitary, except for CPD, which was detected much less frequently. In the posterior lobe, CPE, CPD, and CPZ were present within the Herring bodies. Although no MIB-1 immunoreactivity was identified in anterior pituitary cells, limited MIB-1 labeling was detected in basophil invasion in five of ten cases. Highly selective expression of CPD in corticotrophs suggests that CPD plays a particularly important role in prohormone (POMC) processing in corticotrophs, with minimal or no significant roles in non-corticotrophs. Evidence that corticotrophs in basophil invasion are undergoing proliferation and are also phenotypically different from their counterpart in the anterior pituitary has further raised the possibility of some neoplastic potential.[1]


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