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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Priming effects of substance P on calcium changes evoked by interleukin-8 in human neutrophils.

The neurokinin (NK) substance P (SP), which is a mediator of neurogenic inflammation, has been reported to prime human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). The priming effects of SP on PMNs activated by recombinant interleukin-8 (rIL-8) were investigated. SP enhanced, in a dose- and time-dependent way, the rise in cytosolic free-calcium concentration, [Ca(2+)]i, evoked by the chemokine. The priming effects of SP were abolished by exposing PMNs to a calcium-free medium supplemented with EGTA. The C-terminal peptides SP(4-11) and SP(6-11) but not the N-terminal peptide SP(1-7) shared the priming effects of SP. The selective NK-1 receptor agonist [Sar-9, MetO2-11]SP mimicked the effects of SP, which were not reproduced by the selective NK-2 receptor agonist [betaAla-8]-NKA(4-10) or the selective NK-3 agonist senktide. Two selective NK-1 antagonists, CP96,345 and L703,606, dose dependently inhibited SP priming effects. These results demonstrated that SP primes PMNs exposed to rIL-8 and suggested that SP priming effects are receptor mediated.[1]


  1. Priming effects of substance P on calcium changes evoked by interleukin-8 in human neutrophils. Dianzani, C., Lombardi, G., Collino, M., Ferrara, C., Cassone, M.C., Fantozzi, R. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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