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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of ERK phosphorylation in differentiated arterial muscle of rabbits.

Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases participate in cell signaling, regulating cell growth. In differentiated cells, the role ERK plays is less well known. This study quantified the degree of basal and stimulated ERK phosphorylation and contraction in freshly isolated arteries. The level of basal ERK phosphorylation was identical in preloaded and slack arteries, was greater in media than in the whole artery, and was reduced by the MAP or ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD-98059. Chemical denudation using 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one did not elevate basal ERK phosphorylation. PD-98059 reduced maximum phenylephrine (PE)-stimulated ERK phosphorylation but not force. Pervanadate elevated ERK phosphorylation without causing contraction. Contractions produced by PE and relaxations produced by PE washout preceded the ERK phosphorylation. K(+) depolarization, muscle stretch, and angiotensin II elevated ERK phosphorylation transiently, whereas PE maintained ERK phosphorylation for 30 min. The alpha(1A)-adrenergic receptor antagonist WB-4101 reduced PE-stimulated force by 70% and abolished PE-induced ERK phosphorylation. Afterloaded and zero-load contractions produced by K(+) depolarization displayed identical increases in ERK phosphorylation. These data indicate that ERK was active basally in the differentiated artery but regulated by the endothelium and that ERK phosphorylation was not load dependent. A strong correlation between PE-induced force and ERK phosphorylation supports the hypothesis that ERK activation may reflect a signal "notifying" the cell of the degree of alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor-induced contraction.[1]


  1. Regulation of ERK phosphorylation in differentiated arterial muscle of rabbits. Ratz, P.H. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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