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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the growth of mouse Leydig cells by the inactive stereoisomer, 17alpha-estradiol: Lack of correlation between the elevated expression of ERalpha and difference in sensitivity to estradiol isomers.

We examined the effects of 17alpha-estradiol, the biologically inactive stereoisomer of 17beta-estradiol, on cell growth and cell cycle kinetics using the normalized mouse TM3 Leydig cells. A significant biphasic stimulatory growth response was observed by 17alpha-estradiol exposure with peaks at 1 pg/ml (157.13%) and 100 ng/ml (120.04%) (p<0.05). The growth stimulatory effects of 17alpha-estradiol were inhibited by tamoxifen. A significant decrease in cell cycle time of Leydig cells exposed to 17alpha-estradiol was observed in treated cells (p<0.05). RT-PCR analysis indicated that exposure to Leydig cells to 1 pg/ml and 100 ng/ml 17alpha-estradiol resulted in a 10- and 5-fold increases in the expression of ERalpha, respectively. Similar effects were observed with exposure to equivalent concentrations of 17beta-estradiol. Difference in sensitivity to stereoisomers of estradiol to growth response of Leydig cells did not correlate with the elevated expression of ERalpha. We conclude that the TM3 Leydig cells are sensitive to the non-typical estrogen, 17alpha-estradiol, presumably through the activation of ER-independent signaling transduction pathways.[1]


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