The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A single amino acid alteration in the human parainfluenza virus type 3 hemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoprotein confers resistance to the inhibitory effects of zanamivir on receptor binding and neuraminidase activity.

Entry and fusion of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPF3) requires interaction of the viral hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein with its sialic acid receptor. 4-Guanidino-2,4-dideoxy-2,3-dehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid (4-GU-DANA; zanamivir), a sialic acid transition-state analog designed to fit the influenza virus neuraminidase catalytic site, possesses antiviral activity at nanomolar concentrations in vitro. We have shown previously that 4-GU-DANA also inhibits both HN-mediated binding of HPF3 to host cell receptors and HN's neuraminidase activity. In the present study, a 4-GU-DANA-resistant HPF3 virus variant (ZM1) was generated by serial passage in the presence of 4-GU-DANA. ZM1 exhibited a markedly fusogenic plaque morphology and harbored two HN gene mutations resulting in two amino acid alterations, T193I and I567V. Another HPF3 variant studied in parallel, C-0, shared an alteration at T193 and exhibited similar plaque morphology but was not resistant to 4-GU-DANA. Neuraminidase assays revealed a 15-fold reduction in 4-GU-DANA sensitivity for ZM1 relative to the wild type (WT) and C-0. The ability of ZM1 to bind sialic acid receptors was inhibited 10-fold less than for both WT and C-0 in the presence of 1 mM 4-GU-DANA. ZM1 also retained infectivity at 15-fold-higher concentrations of 4-GU-DANA than WT and C-0. A single amino acid alteration at HN residue 567 confers these 4-GU-DANA-resistant properties. An understanding of ZM1 and other escape variants provides insight into the effects of this small molecule on HN function as well as the role of the HN glycoprotein in HPF3 pathogenesis.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities