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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt or mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling sensitizes endothelial cells to TNF-alpha cytotoxicity.

Bovine carotid artery endothelial (BAE) cells are resistant to tumor necrosis factor-alpha ( TNF), like most other cells. We examined if mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and phosphatidylinositol-3 ( PI3) kinase/Akt pathways are involved in this effect. In BAE cells, TNF activates MAP kinase in a MAP kinase kinase 1 (MEK1) manner and Akt in PI3-kinase-dependent manner. Pretreatment with either the MEK1 inhibitor U0126 or PI3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 sensitized BAE cells to TNF-induced apoptosis. Neither U0126 nor LY294002 pretreatment affected TNF-induced activation of NF-kappaB, suggesting that the MAP kinase or PI3-kinase/Akt- mediated anti-apoptotic effect induced by TNF was not relevant to NF-kappaB activation. Both MAP kinase and PI3-kinase/Akt - mediated signaling could prevent cytochrome c release and mitochondrial transmembrane potential (Deltapsi) decrease. PI3-kinase/Akt signaling attenuated caspase-8 activity, whereas MAP kinase signaling impaired caspase-9 activity. These results suggest that TNF- induced MAP kinase and PI3-kinase/Akt signaling play important roles in protecting BAE cells from TNF cytotoxicity.[1]


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