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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida and P. multocida subsp. septica differentiation by PCR fingerprinting and alpha-glucosidase activity.

Pasteurella multocida is composed of three subspecies that are often differentiated by fermentation of sorbitol and dulcitol. We studied 35 dulcitol-negative P. multocida isolates from infected dog and cat bite wounds, 16 of which yielded weak and/or conflicting fermentation reactions in Andrades sorbitol, thus making it difficult to distinguish between the two dulcitol-negative subspecies of P. multocida, i.e., P. multocida subsp. multocida and P. multocida subsp. septica. All isolates and two control strains were further analyzed using a PCR fingerprinting technique with a single primer (M13 core) and assessed for alpha-glucosidase (alpha-Glu) activity. Although the PCR fingerprint patterns and alpha-Glu activity did not correlate well with the sorbitol fermentation reactions, they did correlate well with each other. All strains identified as P. multocida subsp. septica were positive for alpha-Glu activity and exhibited the group I PCR fingerprint profile. All strains categorized as P. multocida subsp. multocida displayed either the group II or group III PCR fingerprint profile; 9 of 11 of these isolates were alpha-Glu negative. These data suggest that both PCR fingerprinting and alpha-Glu activity provide reliable means for differentiating P. multocida subsp. multocida from P. multocida subsp. septica, particularly in strains that produce weak and/or discrepant sorbitol fermentation reactions.[1]

References

  1. Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida and P. multocida subsp. septica differentiation by PCR fingerprinting and alpha-glucosidase activity. Hunt Gerardo, S., Citron, D.M., Claros, M.C., Fernandez, H.T., Goldstein, E.J. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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