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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Developmental regulation of the concentrative nucleoside transporters CNT1 and CNT2 in rat liver.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The pattern of nucleoside transporter expression in hepatocytes was studied in the developing rat liver. METHODS: Hepatocytes isolated from fetuses, neonates and adult rats were used for uridine uptake measurements and concentrative nucleoside transporter (CNT) expression. RESULTS: Adult hepatocytes showed the highest Na-dependent uridine uptake, but fetal hepatocytes exhibited a significant NBTI-sensitive component of equilibrative Na+-independent transport, which was either negligible or absent in neonatal and adult rat hepatocytes. Low Na+-dependent uridine uptake was associated with low amounts of CNT1 and CNT2 transporter proteins, both with apparent Km values in the low micromolar range. Hepatocyte primary cultures from 20-day-old fetuses showed very low amounts of CNT2 mRNA, and expressed both carrier proteins. Incubation of fetal hepatocytes with dexamethasone and T3 resulted in a significant increase in Na+-dependent uridine uptake and an accumulation of the CNT2 protein and mRNA. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of concentrative nucleoside carriers in hepatocytes from developing rat liver is developmentally regulated. Addition of endocrine factors known to induce differentiation of fetal hepatocytes results in selective up-regulation of CNT2 expression.[1]


  1. Developmental regulation of the concentrative nucleoside transporters CNT1 and CNT2 in rat liver. del Santo, B., Tarafa, G., Felipe, A., Casado, F.J., Pastor-Anglada, M. J. Hepatol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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