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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Matrix metalloproteinase expression and activity in isolated myocytes after neurohormonal stimulation.

Changes in myocardial matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and expression have been associated with left ventricular (LV) remodeling. A recent study demonstrated that LV myocytes synthesize and release MMPs, which suggests that LV myocytes may participate in myocardial remodeling. However, extracellular stimuli that may potentially influence LV myocyte MMP production remains to be defined. In the present study MMP activity and expression were measured in porcine LV myocyte preparations (10(5) total cells; n = 6) following incubation (6 h) with endothelin-1 (ET-1;50 pM), angiotensin II (ANG II; 1 microM), or the beta-receptor agonist isoproterenol (Iso; 10 nM). LV myocyte-conditioned media were then subjected to gelatin zymography and an MMP-2 antibody capture assay. MMP zymographic gelatinase activity and MMP-2 content were increased by over 40% in LV myocyte-conditioned media after incubation with ET-1 or ANG II (P < 0.05). Exposure to the phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; 50 ng/ml) resulted in a 30% increase in zymographic gelatinase activity and a 63% increase in MMP-2 content (P < 0.05), suggesting that protein kinase C activation may be an intracellular mechanism for MMP induction. With the use of a confocal microscopy, membrane type-1 MMP (MT1-MMP) was localized to porcine LV myocytes, and immunoblotting for MT1-MMP using LV myocyte extracts revealed that after exposure to Iso, ET-1, ANG II, or PMA (P < 0.05), MT1-MMP abundance increased over 50%. Thus stimulation of specific neurohormonal systems that are relevant to LV remodeling influences LV myocyte MMP synthesis and release.[1]


  1. Matrix metalloproteinase expression and activity in isolated myocytes after neurohormonal stimulation. Coker, M.L., Jolly, J.R., Joffs, C., Etoh, T., Holder, J.R., Bond, B.R., Spinale, F.G. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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