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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ototoxicity in rats exposed to ortho-, meta- and para-xylene vapours for 13 weeks.

Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to ortho-, meta- or para-xylene by inhalation (450, 900 and 1,800 p.p.m., 6 hr/day, 6 days/week for 13 weeks) and sacrificed for morphological investigations 8 weeks after the end of exposure. Brainstem auditory-evoked responses were used to determine auditory thresholds at different frequencies. Among the three isomers studied, only para-xylene produced moderate to severe ototoxicity in rats exposed at 900 and 1,800 p.p.m. Increased auditory thresholds were observed at 2, 4, 8 and 16 kHz in rats exposed to 1800 p.p.m. para-xylene. The auditory threshold shifts (35 to 38 dB) did not reverse after 8 weeks of recovery Moderate and severe losses of outer hair cells of the organ of Corti occurred in animals exposed to 900 and 1800 p.p.m. para-xylene respectively. Thus, the no observed effect level of para-xylene was 450 p.p.m. based on the loss of outer hair cells observed by light and electron microscopy.[1]


  1. Ototoxicity in rats exposed to ortho-, meta- and para-xylene vapours for 13 weeks. Gagnaire, F., Marignac, B., Langlais, C., Bonnet, P. Pharmacol. Toxicol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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