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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of orally active taxanes on P-glycoprotein modulation and colon and breast carcinoma drug resistance.

BACKGROUND: The taxane paclitaxel (Taxol) is often of limited efficacy in chemotherapeutic regimens because some cancer cells express high levels of the efflux pump, P-glycoprotein ( Pgp), which removes the drug from the cells. The orally active paclitaxel analog IDN-5109 has been reported to overcome Pgp-mediated drug resistance. We tested whether IDN-5109 acts by modulating Pgp activity. METHODS: Human MDA435/LCC6mdr1 and MDA435/LCC6 breast carcinoma cells, which express and do not express Pgp, respectively, were incubated with [3H]IDN-5109 and paclitaxel to determine intracellular drug accumulation. Flow cytometry was used to analyze intracellular retention of two Pgp substrates, rhodamine 123 (Rh-123) and doxorubicin, in both breast carcinoma cell lines and in human colon carcinoma cells (SW-620, DLD1, and HCT-15, whose Pgp levels vary) treated with different taxanes. The effects of IDN-5109 and paclitaxel on tumor growth in vivo were studied with the use of tumors established through xenografts of Pgp-expressing SW-620 and DLD1 cells in severe combined immunodeficiency mice. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: Pgp-expressing cells treated with IDN-5109 or with the taxane-based drug resistance reversal agent tRA96023, which blocks Pgp activity, retained 8.1- and 9.4-fold more Rh-123 (P =.0001), respectively, and 1.7- and 1.9-fold more doxorubicin (P =.001), respectively, than cells treated with paclitaxel. Non- Pgp-expressing cells treated similarly demonstrated no increased retention of either substrate. MDA435/LCC6mdr1 cells retained 5.3-fold more [3H]IDN-5109 than [3H]paclitaxel after 2 hours (P =.01). IDN-5109 showed statistically significantly higher tumor growth inhibition than paclitaxel against the SW-620 xenograft (P =.003). CONCLUSIONS: IDN-5109 modulates Pgp activity, resulting in superior tumor growth inhibition against Pgp-expressing tumors as compared with paclitaxel. IDN-5109 may broaden the spectrum of taxane use to include colon tumors.[1]


  1. Effects of orally active taxanes on P-glycoprotein modulation and colon and breast carcinoma drug resistance. Vredenburg, M.R., Ojima, I., Veith, J., Pera, P., Kee, K., Cabral, F., Sharma, A., Kanter, P., Greco, W.R., Bernacki, R.J. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (2001) [Pubmed]
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